What’s more, Fak warned, that the European Union’s goal of countries to bury no more than 10 percent of municipal waste by 2035 would inadvertently boost the attractiveness of incinerators. “There is a lot of pressure to reduce the landfill,” he said. This is worrying, “because we don’t want to move from dumping to incineration.”
It all comes out like the European Union Pay To reduce waste, especially plastics, by increasing composting and recycling targets, mandating plastic bottles to contain 30 percent of recycled content by 2030, and banning – as of July – single-use items such as cutlery, cups and tinsel. The European Union has also adopted a new “circular economy” plan In the long term it aims to encourage better product design so that reuse and recycling are easier.
Critics argue that the constant burn can threaten those goals. Once built, they say, incinerators disintegrate recycling, because municipal governments are often bound by contracts that make their waste incinerator cheaper than sorting it out to recyclers.
One country that is now grappling with the legacy of its long embrace of incineration is Denmark. The country, one of the largest waste producers in Europe, had built several incinerators by 2018 Importing one million tons of garbage. The plants generate 5 percent of the country’s electricity and nearly a quarter of the heat in local grids, known as district heating systems, said Mads Jacobsen, president of the Danish Waste Association, which represents municipal authorities and waste companies.
In order to achieve ambitious carbon-cutting goals, Danish lawmakers last year agreed to reduce incineration capacity by 30 percent within a decade, with seven incinerators closed, while expanding recycling dramatically. “It is time to stop importing plastic waste from abroad to fill empty incinerators and burn them at the expense of Al-Manakh,” He said Dan Jorgensen, the country’s climate minister.
But Jacobsen said that by focusing only on Denmark’s carbon footprint, the country’s politicians failed to think about what would happen to the waste that Denmark disposed of. With loans continuing to be repaid on many factories, he said, “I am also concerned about pending costs. Who will answer these costs? Will the citizens be in my municipality? “
Two regions of Belgium are also seeking to reduce burn capacity. But few other parts of Europe are following suit. Indeed, some countries are planning to set up new factories. Razgittito said Greece, Bulgaria and Romania landfill most of their waste, and may need more incineration capacity. She said Italy and Spain are among other countries that might build new factories.
In Central and Eastern Europe, “there is very strong pressure and a lucrative market for new incinerators,” said Pawij Jusiski of the Earth Society, a Polish advocacy group. He said Poland now has about nine incinerators, as well as a similar number of cement plants that use treated waste as fuel. He said about 70 new projects were seeking approval, including proposals to convert old coal plants to incineration of waste instead. Głuszyński said the weak application in Poland means emissions of toxins such as dioxins and furans often reach dangerous levels, but Tightening EU rules may help,
Britain also appears intent on pushing ahead with expanding incineration, with dozens of new projects under consideration. Collectively, they will Double Current burning capacity.
However, there are hints that some of what is on the drawing board might not be realized. Wells He said Last month, it was shutting down major new energy conversion plants and is considering an incineration tax. In February, Coase Quarting, the British Minister for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, refused a request for a new incinerator to be built in Kent, East London, although it permitted the expansion of an existing plant. In his decision, he said the project could hinder local recycling, a logic that encouraged opponents of the Holocaust.